Read in Arabic HERE and scroll down to read reports that the post-Mubarak Committee charged with amending Egypts constitution began the task with the marginalizing of female legal experts
"The Egyptian Coalition for Civic Education and Women's Participation" has received and reviewed the constitutional amendments.
These amendments have led to great worries amongst the coalition for they did not achieve what the Egyptian people aimed for, nor meet the revolution's demands.
As such the amendments are restoring the system of the past regime.
The Coalition has many notices as follows: Article 75:The article was amended to guarantee that "Egypt’s president is born to two Egyptian parents and cannot be married to a non-Egyptian woman. Neither he nor his parents shall have another nationality except the Egyptian one. He shall practice his own civil and political rights".
These amendments limited nominations to men only for many reasons:
1. The phrase "cannot be married to non-Egyptian woman" " " is only limited to the spouse of man; the thing that means that the president will necessarily be a man. 2. The claim that masculine nouns in Arabic language include both men and women is not an accurate claim, because the Holy Qur'an that is the source of the Arabic language mentioned, most of the times, women beside men when saying " The submitting men, the submitting women, the believing men, the believing women … " and did not mention a masculine noun as a reference to both men and women. 3. The word "non-Egyptian woman" limited the nomination to men only, if we agree that masculinity could include both male and female, but femininity could not apply to male.
Thus, we suggest that the text reads as "shall not be married to a non-Egyptian".
Article 76: Amendment of this article reflects a clear disruption of equal opportunities, since they equated a candidate for party who will gain seat by the parliamentary elections with an independent candidate who has to gain 30000 votes from 15 governorates. Thus, this approach paves the way before the electoral briberies, buying votes, in addition that it puts the future of the president in the hands of a specific power.
Article 189: As for the formation of a constituent in order to issue a new constitution by elections of People's assembly and Upper House; it makes the constituent prone to balance of powers inside the council, since it does not stipulate standards that ensure existence of women and men experts from outside the councils. The text is general which may lead to having all the members of the constituent are those of the council.
Thus the new constitution will not be created to be a constitutional or legal regime that is desired for Egypt; instead it will be created according to the dominated powers in the parliament. Thus, it is necessary to include a condition whereby the constituent should have experts from outside both of the two councils, in which gender balance should be taken in consideration in order to have sound participation of women experts. In Addition to the dire need for an election methodology that ensures participation of all members of society.
Members of the coalition: The Egyptian Center for Women's Rights- Helwan Andalus institute for tolerance and anti-violence studies- Cairo Association of Human Communication- Cairo Health and Environmental Culture Society- Cairo Egyptian Medical Women's Association- Helwan Citizen's Society for Development and Human Rights- Giza Vision Society for Enlightenment and Community Development- El Menia Association of population development and the preservation of the environment- Cairo The Egyptian Society for Marketing and Development- Cairo With You Society for Social Assistance- Helwan Gozour Society for the comprehensive Development- Helwan The Egyptian Society for Family Empowerment- Giza The Legislative Association in Bakri Mastour- Qalioubia Pioneers Society for Development- Giza Al Zohor Association for Development - 6th of October Society Development Association in Sakil – 6th of October The Egyptian Association for Environmental and Humanitarian Development - Al Qualiubia Our Society Association for Development and Human Rights- Cairo Association of Women and Child Development - Al Qualiubia The legislative Association in Saa'd Zaghlol – Al Qualiubia Legal Association for the support of Family and Human rights – Cairo Mary Girgis Youth Association – Cairo Hope Association in Al Aslougy – Sharkia Women for Development Association – 6th of October The Egyptian Association for Defend and support – Helwan Ayatollah Association – Giza Economic Liberalization Association – Cairo Family Care Association- Giza Al Sharkia Youth Association – Al Sharkia Al Mashrek Association for Population Development – Sharkia Cairo Center for Development – Giza Kelmetna Association for Dialogue and Development – Cairo Friends of Youth and Environment Association – October Frasis Charitable Association for Society's Development – Gharbia Al Hayat Association in Zifta The Forum of Dialogue and Partnership for Development – Giza Future Association for Development – Aswan Nahdet el Fayuom Association- Fayuom The Association of the interested people in education and development – Fayoum Al Tanweer Centre for Development and Human Rights – Giza The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights – Cairo Nama'a Association for Development and Human Rights – Al Gharbia Hawaa Future Association – Giza Ismailia Generations for Development Association – Ismailia Haq Center for Democracy and Human Rights – Cairo Association for the Support and Development of Education – Giza New Fustat Association - Cairo Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights – Cairo Bint Al Nil Association – Cairo Kirtas Masr Association – Cairo Egyptian Democratic Institute – Cairo Oioun Masr Association for human rights – Gharbia Shoa'a Association for Development and Human Rights Studies / under construction – Giza I am Egyptian Association – Cairo Red Crescent Association – Sohag Human Rights Association – Assiut Al Hana Women's Association – Cairo Friends of Youth and the environment - Qaliubiya Center of Children's rights – Cairo Konouz Association for Development - Kafr El- Sheikh The Arab dream Association - Kafr El-Sheikh Community Development Association in Zafarana - Kafr El-Sheikh Alrob' Charitable Association - Kafr El-Sheikh Social Welfare Association - Kafr El-Sheikh Resala association – Kafr el Sheikh Craft Projects Development Association- Kafr el Shiekh Bint El Riaydh Association- Kafr el Sheikh Said Salem Society Development Association- Kafr el Sheikh The National Center for Human Rights- Kafr el Sheikh Association of modern women- Kafr el Sheikh The Egyptian Center for Creativity and development and training Middle East Media Association- Cairo Women and Development Association- Alexandria Tanweer Center Association- El Menia Center for the defenders of human rights- Cairo Our Dream Foundation for comprehensive Development – Qaliubia Nahdet Misr Association- El Menia El Sabr ei El Eman Association- Helwan Dakahlia people Association – Helwan Association of cities of steel- Helwan Egyptian media professionals- Gharbia The Arab Center- Cairo The Egyptian Center for Creativity and Development Future Businesswomen Association Regional Federation for Associations- Gharbia Shehab Foundation for Comprehensive Development Foundation Seekers of Society Development Association- Fayuom Association of Social Care for the specific Categories- Helwan Arab Women Association for Development- Ismailia Hayat Center Evangelical Church Doubbara Palace- Cairo National Association for Youth Rights- Cairo Civil Association for Children Cooperation- Cairo Tijan Association for Society Development- Ismailia Society Development Association in Bahnsa- El Menia El Ghad El Moushreq Association for the Differently needed and Development Association of Industrial Development Science for the Crafts National Youth Association- Helwan Today Youth Association (Shabab El Hoyum)- Helwan Fayuom's Sons Association for Development- Helwan Human Lovers Association- Helwan Society Association for Development in Shaloufa- Suez Coast people Association for Society Development- Suez Society Development Association in Bandaf- Sharqia Society Development Association in Kafr Badran- Sharqia Society Development Association in Jadida- Sharqia Masriya Association for Human Resources- Sharqia Society Development Association in Magzer- Sharqia Society Development Association in Shalshalmon- Sharqia Society Development Association in Beni Khalil- Sharqia The Coptic Charitable Association in Meet Beshar- Sharqia Shahid FeloBatir Association in Kafr Salama Ibrahim- Sharqia Society Development Association in Shobra el Enab- Sharqia Zohoor el Hayat Association- Alexandria El Sendousy Foundation- Alexandria The Egyptian Legal and Constitutional Association for Human Rights- Alexandria Family Planning Association- Alexandria Youth Without Borders Community- Cairo For more information contact the Coalition coordinator "The Egyptian Center for Women's Rights": ~~~~~~~~~ 21 February 2011 Issue 517
Women & gender
Egypt: Women excluded from constitutional committee
'The institutions and organisations below have signed this statement in disapproval of the criteria and formation of the Constitutional Committee, whereby the committee does not include a single female expert. Advancing with a committee like this, triggers fears and suspicions with regards to the future of Egypt and the transitional phase.'
Egypt Constitutional Committee Starts Working While Neglecting and Excluding Female Legal Experts
The Constitutional committee starts working while neglecting and excluding female legal experts
The institutions and organizations below have signed this statement in disapproval of the criteria and formation of the Constitutional Committee, whereby the committee does not include a single female expert. Advancing with a committee like this, triggers fears and suspicions with regards to the future of Egypt and the transitional phase which Egypt is currently witnessing after the 25th of January Revolution. This issue poses a critical question with regards to democracy and the main aims of the revolution which were initially spelled out as equality, freedom, democracy and participation of all citizens.
We are hereby questioning the criteria according to which the members of the constitutional committee are chosen; are they based on political criteria or on values of equality and justice as spelled out by the revolution? If the criteria are based on efficiency and integrity, then why are female legal experts excluded despite the fact that Egypt is rich with lots of female experts in constitutions whether in the Supreme Constitutional Court or the Faculties of Law.
We believe that as Egyptian women largely and equally participated in the revolution with Egyptian men and some of them have been jailed and still lost while others have even martyred, they have the right to participate in building the New Egyptian State on the simple basis of citizenship.
Nevertheless, we strongly have confidence in the discretion of the Military Council in guiding Egypt towards democracy. Hence, we are making the statement today to stress on the values of citizenship and participation of women, specifically in the Constitutional Committee at the moment.
1- The Egyptian Center for Women's Rights- Helwan 2- Andalus institute for tolerance and anti-violence studies- Cairo 3- The Centre for the Independence of Judges and Lawyers (CIJL) – Cairo 4- Association of Human Communication- Cairo 5- The United Group- Cairo 6- Association of Arab Women- Cairo 7- Health and Environmental Culture Society- Cairo 8- Egyptian Medical Women's Association- Helwan 9- Citizen's Society for Development and Human Rights- Giza 10- Maat Foundation for Peace and Development and Human Rights- Cairo 11- Vision Society for Enlightenment and Community Development- El Menia 12- Association of population development and the preservation of the environment- Cairo 13- Our Society Association for Development and Human Rights- Cairo 14- The Egyptian Society for Marketing and Development 15- The Egyptian Foundation for Family Development- Giza 16- Association of Middle East for Peace and Human Rights- Cairo 17- With You Society for Social Assistance- Helwan 18- Gozour Society for the comprehensive Development- Helwan 19- The Egyptian Society for Family Empowerment- Giza 20- The Legislative Association in Bakri Mastour- Qalioubia 21- Pioneers Society for Development- Giza 22- Al Zohor Association for Development - 6th of October 23- Society Development Association in Sakil – 6th of October 24- The Egyptian Association for Environmental and Humanitarian Development - Al Qualiubia 25- Our Society Association for Development and Human Rights - Giza 26- The Egyptian Association for the spread of environmental awareness - Al Qualiubia 27- Association of Women and Child Development - Al Qualiubia 28- The legislative Association in Saa'd Zaghlol – Al Qualiubia 29- Legal Association for the support of Family and Human rights - Cairo 30- Mary Girgis Youth Association - Cairo 31- Hope Association in Al Aslougy - Sharkia 32- Women for Development Association – 6th of October 33- The Egyptian Association for Defend and support - Helwan 34- Ayatollah Association - Giza 35- Economic Liberalization Association - Cairo. 36- Al Sharkia Youth Association – Al Sharkia 37- Al Mashrek Association for Population Development - Sharkia 38- Cairo Center for Development - Giza 39- Kelmetna Association for Dialogue and Development - Cairo 40- El Nadim Center for the Management and Rehabilitation of victims of violence - Cairo 41- Friends of Youth and Environment Association - October 42- Future Girls Association for Development - Cairo. 43- Frasis Charitable Association for Society's Development - Gharbia 44- Al Hayat Association in Zifta- Gharbia 45- The Forum of Dialogue and Partnership for Development - Giza 46- Future Association for Development - Aswan 47- The Egyptian Association for Community Participation Enhancement - Fayuom 48- Al Fayoum Renaissance Association - Fayuom 49- The Association of the interested people in education and development – Fayuom 50- Al Tanweer Centre for Development and Human Rights - Giza 51- The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights – Cairo 52- Al Mahrousa Center – Cairo 53- Nama'a Association for Development and Human Rights – Al Gharbia 54- The Arab Program for Human Rights Activists – Cairo 55- Association For the Development and Enhancement of Women – Cairo 56- Hawaa Future Association – Giza 57- Ismailia Generations for Development Association – Ismailia 58- Haq Center for Democracy and Human Rights – Cairo 59- Association for the Support and Development of Education – Giza 60- World Without Borders Association for Human Rights - Cairo 61- New Fustat Association- Cairo 62- Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights- Cairo 63- Egyptian Association for Disseminating & Developing Legal Awareness- Giza
CAIRO (Reuters) - The lack of women on a committee charged with amending Egypt's constitution for elections post-Mubarak casts doubt over whether the country can develop into a true democracy, a group of activists said Wednesday.
The group of over 60 non-governmental organization and activists said the committee, which is presided over by a respected retired judge known for his independence, had begun work Wednesday by "marginalizing female legal experts."
"This sheds doubt over the future of democratic transition in Egypt and raises questions about the future of participation, and whether this revolution sought to liberate all of society or just some of its sectors," a statement said.
Mass demonstrations that ousted President Hosni Mubarak from his 30-year rule were led by both men and women.
"We affirm that Egyptian woman participated in the revolution, and proof of such is that many remain missing or arrested. They have every right to participate in building the Egyptian nation," the group said in a statement sent by Nahed Shehata of the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights.
Protesters have demanded several changes, including making presidential races fair and putting limits on a president's term in office. Mubarak served almost five six-year terms and had been expected to seek a sixth.
The committee is due to propose its changes within 10 days as a prelude to parliamentary and presidential elections due to take place in six months.
STANDARDS OF SELECTION The committee includes one senior Muslim Brotherhood legal expert in an unprecedented move to include the Islamist opposition group, but the panel did not give details on how it selected its members.
"Signatures to this statement have received with great concern the list of committee members as there is no participation from female experts, which is unacceptable marginalization of half of society," the statement said.
"We also question the standards used to select the members of the committee," the group said, although adding they supported the military's efforts in moving to a democracy.
The role of women in Egyptian politics has been limited, with few occupying ministerial and parliamentary seats. Their role in the judiciary has been the subject of wide debate in recent years.
Last year, a top court ruled that women should be allowed to serve on the State Council, a court that tries cases involving the government and which had resisted including female judges.
Mubarak appointed Tahany el-Gibali, Egypt's first woman judge, to the Constitutional Court in 2003. Conservative judges campaigned to stop what they regarded as an exception from becoming a trend.
Activists called on the Higher Military Council to revisit "values of citizenship" and asked that female experts be incorporated in the constitutional committee.