India: Study by Deccan Development Society and allies shows Bt cotton has failed farmers again
Tuesday April 11 2006
Bt cotton has failed farmers, says study Staff Reporter
The organisations researched in the predominantly cotton-growing districts of Warangal, Adilabad and Nalgonda
The conclusions were derived after a nine-month study Study alleges that Bt cotton could not reduce pesticide use Bt cotton might be spreading previously unknown diseases, says study
Sangareddy: The fourth successive year of study on Bt cotton in three districts of the State has claimed that the gap in the management of Bollworm between the Bt and non-Bt farmers is narrowing down.
The study done by the Andhra Pradesh Coalition in Defense of Diversity, Deccan Development Society (DDS), and Permaculture Association of India, pointed out that the invincibility of Bt against the dreaded American Bollworm is waning.
The report released by P.V Sateesh, convenor of DDS, here today, is the second such report since 2002.
These organisations started their work on Bt cotton in the predominantly cotton growing districts of Warangal, Adilabad and Nalgonda.
The first report prepared by Abdul Qayum and Kiran Sakkhari during 2005, pointed out that the genetically engineered cotton produced by Mahyco and Monsanto have failed miserably . Further it said that Bt cotton could not reduce pesticide use.
Speaking to reporters, Sateesh said that their study has confirmed that Bt cotton has failed again. The nine-month study, with a sample of 180 farmers, presented results supporting their argument. The cost per acre stood at Rs 9,689 where as non-Bt farmers incurred Rs. 8,074 per acre.
When it came to net returns, Bt farmers were found at the losing end too. The report pointed out that they earned Rs. 2,279 per acre while others (non-pesticide type) earned Rs 3,089 per acre.
The study expressed concern over the alleged spread effect of the genetically engineered cotton. It said: "Bt cotton might be spreading previously unknown diseases into cotton cultivation - like the Root rot and a new virus called Tobacco streak to other cotton areas."
The study demanded ban on Bt cotton till it was adequately tested and found safe for soil borne organisms, grazing cattle and human beings.